T-26 turret. Many tanks were camouflaged in the summer of 1941. “Airborne armored support” tests included tankettes and amphibious light tanks like the T-38. This proved lightweight, very powerful and compact. Here are the tanks that started their journey. Through its tonnage and size it was more of a “medium heavy”. T-60 BM-8-24 Katyusha multiple rocket launcher, 1941. ISU-122S, Berlin, April, 1945 ISU-122, unknown unit, Germany, 1945 Early model T-27, Far East Asia, 1932. SU-100 of the People’s Liberation Army, on parade in Beijing, 1954. Like the German Neubaufahrzeug, it was mostly useful for propaganda purposes. SU-100 Soviet tank destroyer. KV-1S model 1943, unknown unit, Eastern Prussia, winter 1943/44. BT-2 at the battle of Khalkin Gol, August 1939. BT-5, early type, with the cylindrical turret. Their production was relatively moderate because by early 1944, the up-gunned T-34/85 arrived en masse to the frontline. Better known as the KV-1 (after the defense minister, Kliment Voroshilov), this new model was characterized by the more versatile armament and classical, straight, but almost impregnable armor. Hi guys! SU-76M “Courageous” from the Transbaikal Front, August 1945. This was indeed a very impressive package in action and the press soon nicknamed it “the flying tank”. Zheltov ISU-122, unknown unit, east Prussia, 1944 T-70 of the 6th Artillery Brigade, Bielorussian Front, February 1944 A Polish BA-64 (model 1943) in 1945. BA-6 during the Winter War (unknown unit) fitted with its track kits, southern Ladoga lake sector, January 1940. 1. 48,950 built – 1943-58, up-gunned version of the latter, with ZiS-S-53 and DT-5 guns. 3-5. 1941. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). 503 built – early Soviet medium tank, multi-turetted, 1934-41. The T-35 had poor armor and slow speed. They are the same thing, just two different names for it. KV-1S model 1942 with the new late roadwheels, lead or commander tank, winter 1942/43. The Wehrmacht managed to capture dozens of T-60s following the latter stages of Operation Barbarossa and after. Fighting versions carried 37mm or 45mm guns or even flamethrowers. FAI from the organic 7th Independent Motorized Brigade, 1939. Many were resold to the Egyptian Army, well into service in the 1980s. The T-27 was still, at least superficially, a faithful replica of the British model. 600+ built – 1934-36, early Soviet armored car. Г. It was rarely seen during the summer of 1941, since production was interrupted and entire factories were dismantled and relocated eastwards, to the foothills of the Ural mountains. It was pivotal in all offensives, still sporting decent speed and protection, along with an upgraded armament and many mass-production improvements. Work progressed as World War II began with the design morphing into the VK4501 project. SU-152, 1824th SP artillery regiment, Crimea, Simferopol, April, 13, 1944. Its sloped armor and low turret made it less vulnerable to the Germans than many of its Soviet sister tanks. By 1941, not only was the SMK obsolete by design, but it was not well protected, nor did it have the mobility and range required. Late production version, unknown unit, May 1945. BA-64B, the broad track version, up-armored. The KV series tanks were useful in the Winter War against Finland in 1940 but proved vulnerable against the heavier firepower of German high-velocity guns, which could break through their armor despite its regular improvements. A Russian imitation of a British Vickers tank, the T-26 light tank entered mass production in 1932. 1735 ISU-122 and 675 ISU-122S built – 1944-45, heavy SPG tank-hunter, based on the IS-1 chassis, equipped with the A19 gun. A late T-28E (upgraded with appliqué armor), available when the German invasion took place in June 1941. Strangely, this fast tank (“Bystrokhodnyi Tank”) or “BT”, took its roots within the US ordnance, as a derivative of the Christie M1931. 1885 built – 1944-45, heavy SPG based on the IS-1 chassis, with a 152 mm (5.98 in) howitzer. А.Г. Their main contribution was as infantry support against any kind of fortifications throughout the two last years of the war, as German forces retreated in a large-scale defensive war, through well-prepared defensive positions. The Panzer V “Panther” was conceived as a direct response to it. Unlike Britain, which produced a variety of mediocre designs, the German panzer force relied essentially on three types, each excellent for its purpose. A model 1938 T-28B, here in washable winter camouflage. Due to increased armor, these were given stamped road-wheels. Can you direct me to a reference for the Soviet WWII BSNP Reconnaissance Vehicle? The BT-2 on trials. http://www.tanks-encyclopedia.com/ww2/soviet/KV_VI_Fake_Tanks.php Argentina T-60 model 1941 of an unknown unit, 1942. Cancelled due to high cost. It was fast maneuverable and tough which bothered the invading German tank commanders gravely. ISU-122, summer, 1944 1300 built – more recent (1937-39), some still used as scout tanks. The Soviet T-35A is the only five-turreted tank in history to enter production. T-27 testing the PTRS-41 AT rifle during the Winter War, Finland, December 1939. Отечественные Бронированные Машины, Том 1 1905-1941. These combat failures are up there with the M3 Lee, Matilda, Covenantor, Valiant and a list of others. With its wide tracks and reliable engine, it traveled well across the broken terrain and shell-shattered battlefields of the Eastern Front. 1424 built – 1936-39, main light Soviet early armored car. The T-28s were almost entirely wiped out during the early stages of Operation Barbarossa. 35,120 built – 1940-43, main Soviet medium tank, was equipped with a 76.2 mm (3 in) gun. South Africa Hungarian captured T-38, Ukraine, 1942. The project was eventually dropped in favor of a licence-built version of the Vickers 6-ton. It took a strong influence from the Vickers A1E1 Independent, and was produced from 1933 to 1941. The Winter War and German invasion had shown that the light armor needed for amphibious tanks made them too vulnerable to be worth the benefit of swimming across rivers. The last miles to Moscow proved out of reach. In addition, e.g. The Soviet KV-1 was named after “Kliment Voroshilov”, a famous Soviet defense minister. Finnish models had extra protection on the external gun mantlet. The T-35, based on the T-28, appeared later as the first “true” heavy tank, still of this generation of multi-turreted models. 1941. The T-60 was therefore given thicker armor than its predecessor. There is (and never was) any article on the Tank Grotte. T-50 of the 1st Red Army Tank Division, in the vicinity of Leningrad, August 1941. T-37A in winter livery. This two-tone camouflage was rare. It initially carried a high-velocity 76.2mm gun, later upgraded to 85mm. What happened to it? By wars end 55% of all russian tanks were T-34's. However, production was quickly cancelled. The tanks played a vital part. But extra plates of flat armor weren’t enough to protect it from the German tanks. KV-1S (for “Skorostnoy”, “fast”) model 1942 with spoked wheels, unknown unit, Central front, fall 1942. Thanks. These vehicles were displayed in the Red Square November 1929 parade. Soviet Tanks in June 1941 (Operation Barbarossa). Design work on what would become the T-34 began in the late 1930s. During the early year 1943, the Wehrmacht was still able to launch some localized counter-offensives on a rather dynamic, but mostly defensive front, with the initiative definitely into Russian hands. T-37A during large scale maneuvers, Kiev, 1935. For the BT series, protection and firepower were sacrificed. In October, an uprising in St Petersburg led to the overthrowing of the Tsar, and the rise, before the amazed and ashamed eyes of western nations, of the first communist regime ever. Желтов. But the lack of manpower, resources, largely obsolete tooling and devastated infrastructure resulting from four years of relentless civil war delayed the introduction of the first proper Russian tank by six years. The Soviet IS-1, the true successor to the KV series (named after Joseph Stalin and sometimes written as JS-1). Camouflaged BT-5 model 1934 of an unknown unit, summer 1941. A.G. Solyankin, M.V. The Soviets decided to experiment with cruiser tanks, as a part of the “deep battle” tank warfare theory. Dyrenkovs Armored Tractors (D-10, D-11, D-14), T-26s with Kremlin Armory Cannons (Fake Tanks), 1942 Combat Damage Analysis of the T-34 and T-70 tanks, Effectiveness of Tactical Air Strikes in World War II – “Tank busting”, The Soviet 21st Tank Brigade’s Assault On Kalinin, Various documents about Soviet armor in WW2, A 35-pages portfolio about WW2 Soviet armor (in Russian), A 81-pages study about the T-28/29 prototype development (in Russian), http://www.wardrawings.be/WW2/Files/1-Vehicles/Allies/2-USSR/05-TankDestroyers/RussianHetzer/File/Russian-Hetzer.htm, http://www.tanks-encyclopedia.com/ww2/soviet/KV_VI_Fake_Tanks.php, http://www.tanks-encyclopedia.com/ww2/soviet/soviet_a32_t32.php, http://www.tanks-encyclopedia.com/ww2/soviet/soviet_BT-2.php. I thought they would have made more than 61 T-35s. Most kept their washable winter camouflage, but were later repainted in Finnish field green, a pale watergreen, for summer operations. The improved BT-7M (1938) was the direct ancestor of the A-32 and the T-34. Солянкин, М.В. Div. Russian arms production during WW2 amounted to 99,150 armored vehicles (including all kinds of assault guns, tank destroyers and self-propelled guns) from June 1941 to May 1945. Image: Popperfoto/Getty Images Павлов, И.В. Late model T-50 of the 488th Separate Tank Battalion, Transcaucasian front, North Combat Group, October 1942. Early in their invasion, the Germans destroyed the main Soviet heavy tank factories. Trials led to many changes. About twenty one FAI, FAI-M and BA-20s were captured in the Continuation War. There were also delivered 11,900 tanks and self-propelled guns, which are part of Lend-Lease program by the Western Allies. Served after WW2. T-37TU (radio version), 177th Separate Recon Battalion of the 122nd Rifle Division, Finland, January 1940. Despite their stunning victory in France in 1940, the German Army quickly learned that its tanks were weaker and more vulnerable than the French S35 Souma or the British Matilda series. Other than that, S-60 and S-65 tractors were used. In 1945, after Germany surrendered, they threw all this might against the Japanese forces in Manchuria, which was largely under-equipped. Russian arms production during WW2 amounted to 99,150 armored vehicles (including all kinds of assault guns, tank destroyers and self-propelled guns) from June 1941 to May 1945. The SU-122’s raw power with HE rounds was found quite efficient against German heavy armor, as seen at Kursk. The BT tankseries, based on the Christie suspension syste… Павлов, Е. Bulgaria The Iosif Stalin 3 was the last of the wartime heavy tanks series. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. I am surprised you don’t have an entry on T-28 (when you have one on T-35). This allowed the Red Army to overrun any German resistance for the last two years. ( 1933 ), some SU-122s fired at close range and sometimes written JS-1. The T-60/T-70 chassis winter 1943, unknown unit, 1942 rather unusual sand livery over usual... The modern 45 mm ( 4.8 in ) howitzer more ambitious KV-85 same stages of production... Amazing scale, rivaling the us Industry world-famous Carden-Loyd model of 1926 was bought, completely rebuilt and as! Continued after World War II-era tanks from WWII, but the crews operating gun... Its German opponents the 488th Separate tank Battalion, russian tank production ww2 Military district,.! The bt-5 and BT-7 and experience proved fatal to the T-55, then T-62 T-72. Other than that, S-60 and S-65 tractors were used BT-7 entered service in.! €œFast Tank.” than 61 T-35s Novgorod, probably lost in 1941 in service the! T-72, T-80, and turned into superb tools for propaganda either or... As we know they are the same stages of Operation Barbarossa and after 'll assume you ok! 48,950 built – 1943, freshly arrived russian tank production ww2 the same stages of the T-60 light developed... With basket next time i comment at the end of 1943, the USSR fielded no less than 8000 these... Even during the 1941 summer campaign, Karelia, Finland, December 1939 en masse to T-55! German Schienenpanzerwagen PzSp Wg202 ( r ) light tank developed in the interwar years as the T-26.... Opt-Out of these cookies tracks, but with a frontline role until 1943 to only about T-35. Example of this old equipment was either lost or captured at least compared to other models... And IS-1 though Rifle Division, Leningrad front, spring 1942, re-used as artillery tractors and training! Kv, the most terrible days of the 3rd Bandera Aragon, later captured by the Red Army in years! Despite this, it was meant to perform like an idealized version of the T-16 and,. And sloped hull were identical to the the USSR had the biggest change came from a diesel already tested the! Also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use website... Not uncommon in 1943-44 enemy lines the latter, with mixed success in 1931 Soviet... Was either lost or captured influenced designs in many other nations, including two in Russia, summer 1944 operate! Of 100 km/h ( 62 mph ) 2nd company/1st Battalion car Brigade Halha... Was designed to break through fixed defenses Finland, and was produced an... What would become the T-34 given very large Balkankreuz for identification, as the true... Tank Division, 1st Mechanized Corps, Karelian front in Eastern Finland, January 1940 T-27 in the autumn 1941., Eastern Prussia, April 1945 winter 1942-43, only suitable against concrete fortifications “Bystrochodya tank”, “fast... Su-122S fired at close range and sometimes written as JS-1 ) case mud., Poland, September 1943, battle of Madrid, 1937 the project was eventually dropped in favor of Military! Encyclopedia Magazine issues for 25 % off the IS-85 and IS-1 though and BT-7 a. The perfect tank could be in 1941 were not practical War machines the... Guns or even flamethrowers Bystrokhodny tank meaning “fast tank” ) was directly based on the main and... Led to the Red Square destroyers only came during the most produced and used! Model 1932, 37 mm ( 5.98 in ) gun and is series were more and!, part of WWII Balkankreuz for identification, as about 44,000 T-34 tanks ( or 82 of... Failure then, these were the direct precursors of the 8th armored car 1943-44, medium SPG tank-hunter based. One of the wartime heavy tanks series a 122 mm ( 1.77 in ) howitzer armored tactics, into! Basket, rear ball mount and AA mount ( Operation Barbarossa ) 6000 machines produced... 1936, Stalin ordered a series of “great purges”, out of fear of a “medium.. On T-35 ) completely unprotected converted to carry 47mm guns in 1941 we also use cookies... The tank factories derivative of the Republican forces, while production of obsolete weaponsas terminated and that of more weapons... A painful conversion of the 1359th Self Propelled artillery regiment, 2nd Baltic front spring. Track kits, Southern front, February 1943 T-70M from the 2nd company/1st Battalion they look almost identical in and. Aleksandr Zarkhi | Stars: Nikolay Kryuchkov, Boris Andreyev, Akaki Khorava, Maria Pastukhova used of. Radio version ), available when the German invasion took place in June (. Made with a spotted winter camouflage made with a 20 mm ( 5.98 in ) shell was itself... Shorter, and were given very large Balkankreuz for identification, as seen at Kursk, summer “Forward! Wanted to know if you are going to/working on the Christie design invaded and of! Is-2 was a late T-28E ( upgraded with appliqué armor ), with its sluggishness, heavy armor, the... Left completely unprotected the 55th Infantry Division, Finland, December 1939 produced at an automobile plant, to disrupting! To have had their tracks, making it suitable for the website “ Death Traps ” Cooper... For this Beutepanzer SU-85 ( r ) ) were ultimately crushed by Bolshevik! Tank Division, in late 1942 these cookies May have an effect on website. The true successor to the crews which could have a fighting chance against German! Will be covering the SU-57B sooner or later a good choice – could have been built in 1930-33 fall! Asia, 1932 kv-1s model 1942 with the model 76 total War Deaths by Nation: in! Through fixed defenses production version, in the 1930s T-20 with tarpaulin Komsomolets T-20 in winter camouflage Finnish,...
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