[7] Indeed, his trips to Kashmir are believed to have begun a fashion for naturalistic and abundant floral design. The Taj Mahal, a World Heritage Site was built between 1630–49 by the emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Significant use of rectilinear layouts are made within the walled enclosures. The Mughal Empire, based in the Indian Subcontinent came to power in the year 1526 after the first battle of Panipat was won by Babur. What are the monuments built by mughal emperor babur? Meisami, Julie Scott. Persian Inscriptions on Indian Monuments is a book written by Dr.Ali-Asghar Hekmat and published in 1956 and 1958 and 2013. new print has the Persian texts of more than 200 stone inscriptions found on historical places in India, many of which are now listed as national heritage or UNESCO world heritage . Email & More. He was followed by Humayun (1530-1540) and (1555-1556), Akbar (1556-1605), Jahangir (1605-1627), Shah Jahan (1628-1658), and the Islamic Aurangzeb (1658-1707) and several other minor rulers until Bahadur Shah Zafar II(1837-1857). Often described as a "jewel box", sometimes called the "Bachcha Taj", as the tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah is often regarded as a draft of the Taj Mahal. . Adequate pressure on the fountains was applied through hydraulic pressure created by the movement of Persian wheels or water-chutes (chaadar) through terra-cotta pipes, or natural gravitational flow on terraces. The smaller statue—female Shemama—was built around 507 BC and stood approximately 125 feet. during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan. Voor de latere Mogolkeizers vormde de Baburnama de basis voor hun wereldbeeld en ideologie. Shah Jahan also renovated buildings such as the Moti Masjid, Sheesh Mahal and Naulakha pavilion, which are all enclosed in the Lahore Fort. Er war nach eigenen Angaben dschingisidischer und timuridischer Herkunft. Royal canals were built from rivers to channel water to Delhi, Fatehpur Sikhri and Lahore. "The Char Bagh Conquers the Citadel: an Outline of the Development if the Mughal Palace Garden," Hussain, Mahmood; Rehman, Abdul; Wescoat, James L. Jr. Year/Century. Red fort in Delhi NCR 3.Agra fort :It is the former imperial residence of the Mughal Dynasty located in Agra, India. The fountain was the symbol of ‘life cycle’ which rises and merges and rises again. [17], Fountainry and running water was a key feature of Mughal garden design. from Akbar’s Tomb to Salim Chisti’s Tomb and ultimately a remarkable change in the Tomb of Itmad-ud doulah. monuments built under Akbar are : Agra fort Humayun’s tomb buland darwaza Diwan-i-Khas panch mahal From then, the Mughals have made a major contribution to Indian history and some of the most famous and beautiful monuments were … Lalbagh Fort (also known as "Fort Aurangabad"), a Mughal palace fortress at the Buriganga River in the southwestern part of Dhaka, Bangladesh, whose construction started in 1678 during the reign of Aurangzeb’s son Azam Shah. Its water is as beautiful as greenery. Taj Mahal was built by the 5th Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan. Akbar’s son, Jahangir, did not build as much, but he helped to lay out the famous Shalimar garden and was known for his great love for flowers. Mughal architecture is the type of Indo-Islamic architecture developed by the Mughals in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries throughout the ever-changing extent of their empire in the Indian subcontinent. The Begum Shahi Mosque is an early 17th-century mosque situated in the Walled City of Lahore, Pakistan. The first serious historical study of Mughal gardens was written by Constance Villiers-Stuart, with the title Gardens of the Great Mughals (1913). p 207, Neeru Misra and Tanay Misra, Garden Tomb of Humayun: An Abode in Paradise, Aryan Books International, Delhi, 2003, Koch, Ebba. Water-lifting devices like geared Persian wheels (saqiya) were used for irrigation and to feed the water-courses at Humayun's Tomb in Delhi, Akbar's Gardens in Sikandra and Fatehpur Sikhri, the Lotus Garden of Babur at Dholpur and the Shalimar Bagh in Srinagar. Explore Babur's Public Records, Phone, Address, Social Media & More. The cenotaph has an exquisitely designed lattice screen around it. Babur, fullständigt namn Zahir-ud-din Muhammed Babur, född 14 februari 1483 i Andizjan, nuv. [1][2] [13] Construction of the gardens began in 1641 during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan,[14] and was completed in 1642. The Haramsara, the royal seraglio in Fatehpur Sikri was an area where the royal women lived. In India, the early gardens were irrigated from the wells or tanks, but under the Mughals the construction of canals or the use of existing canals for the gardens provided more adequate and dependable water supply. This biography of Babur provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & … Humayun, his son, does not seem to have had much time for building—he was busy reclaiming and increasing the realm—but he is known to have spent a great deal of time at his father’s gardens. The Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque) in the Agra Fort and the Jama Masjid at Delhi are imposing buildings of his era, and their position and architecture have been carefully considered so as to produce a pleasing effect and feeling of spacious elegance and well-balanced proportion of parts. Some features common to many buildings are: Bibi Ka Maqbara is a tomb in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, which was built by Aurangzeb 's son Azam Shah in the memory of his mother. Although the additions of the screens by Shah Jahan contained references to Babur, Salome Zajadacz-Hastenrath, in her article "A Note on Babur's Lost Funerary and Enclosure at Kabul" suggests that Shah Jahan's work transformed Bagh-e Babur into a graveyard. The tomb was commissioned by Humayun's first wife and chief consort, Empress Bega Begum (also known as Haji Begum), in 1569-70, and designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas and his son, Sayyid Muhammad, Persian During its years in India, Britain had a profound influence on Indian architecture. Built more than 2,000 years ago, Teotihuacán’s age, size, and complexity can make it seem otherworldly, but it’s very much the work of humans. Babur was an Uzbek warrior who laid the foundation of the Mughal dynasty in the Indian subcontinent. An early textual references about Mughal gardens are found in the memoirs and biographies of the Mughal emperors, including those of Babur, Humayun and Akbar. Participating is fun! He built the mosque and re-installed the irrigation systems and water works. The Islamic Garden, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington D.C. (1976). The courtyard which spreads over 276,000 square feet, can accommodate one hundred thousand worshippers; ten thousand can be accommodated inside the mosque. The main reason behind the location of gardens on the bank of river was that water was raised to the level of the enclosure wall by Persian Wheel standing on the bank from where it was conducted through aqueduct, to the garden where it ran from the top of the wall in a terra-cotta pipe which also produced adequate pressure needed to work the fountains.[14]. El Monumento Conmemorativo Nacional de Martin Luther King, Jr. (en inglés: Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial)? Buland Darwaza Buland Darwaza or the loft gateway was built by the great Mughal emperor, Akbar in 1601 A.D. at Fatehpur Sikri. The Badshahi Mosque in Lahore, Pakistan was commissioned by the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Mughal Emperor Akbar ordered the construction of the Shahi Bridge, which was completed in the year 1568–69 by Munim Khan. Find answers now! Water played an effective role in the Mughal gardens right from the time of Babur. Agra (Uttar Pradesh) Sikandar Lodi-Aram Bagh. Tomb of Nithar Begum at Khusro Bagh, Allahabad, India. What monuments built by babur ? Aurangzeb's sister Roshan-Ara who died in 1671. [10] Considered to be the most ornately decorated Mughal-era mosque,[11] Wazir Khan Mosque is renowned for its intricate faience tile work known as kashi-kari, as well as its interior surfaces that are almost entirely embellished with elaborate Mughal-era frescoes. "Allegorical Gardens in the Persian Poetic Tradition: Nezami, Rumi, Hafez", International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. The ancient aqueduct carries water 16 km (10 miles) from the Frío River to Segovia and was built of some 24,000 massive granite blocks without the use of mortar. Lahori Gate of the Red Fort, Delhi, India. Aug 29, 2017 - Kabuli Bagh Mosque - Panipat was built by emperor Babur in 1527 The vast stream is just like clouds pouring rains and opens the doors of divine mercy. In this article, we are discussing about the monuments built by Shah Jahan other than Taj Mahal. Marble inlay-‘Pachchikari’ or ‘Parchinkari’ is one of the most beautiful and popular forms of Mughal art developed indigenously in India. 1613 AD. From the beginnings of the Mughal Empire, the construction of gardens was a beloved imperial pastime. The beauty of Babur’s classic chaharbagh was the central watercourse and its flowing water. Tents indicated status in these societies, so wealth and power were displayed through the richness of the fabrics as well as by size and number. He built several architectural structures in Gwalior, Agra and Delhi. Mughal architecture has also influenced later Indian architectural styles, including the Indo-Saracenic style of the British Raj, the Rajput style and the Sikh style. These monuments are centuries old … Agra fort is a UNESCO world heritage site in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. This implies, ... tomb, a headstone and a perimeter wall for the garden. It is the third-largest mosque in Pakistan and the seventh-largest mosque in the world. As for location, the Mughal emperors were much particular in selecting places of great natural beauty. The Jahangir Mahal is an impressive structure and has a courtyard surrounded by double-storeyed halls and rooms. (corresponding to US$ 827 million in 2015) It is a large, white marble structure standing on a square plinth and consists of a symmetrical building with an iwan (an arch-shaped doorway) topped by a large dome and finial. Mughal buildings have a uniform pattern of structure and character, including large bulbous domes, slender minarets at the corners, massive halls, large vaulted gateways, and delicate ornamentation; Examples of the style can be found in modern-day India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. The ensemble of six Mughal Gardens of Jammu and Kashmir (Pari Mahal, Nishat Bagh, Shalimar Bagh, Chashme Shahi, Verinag Garden, Achabal Gardens) are on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. 1. Babur schetste ook de ideale kwaliteiten van een vorst: deugdzaamheid, educatie, waarheidsgetrouwheid, menselijkheid en waardigheid. WIKI LOVES MONUMENTS 2019 WINNERS WIKIMEDIA MONS. The Islamic Garden, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington D.C. (1976). Britain was forced to release its grip on India years ago, but the mark the nation made on the country’s architecture remains. The main religious buildings were the huge Jama Masjid and small Tomb of Salim Chisti. He was more interested in ‘beauty’ than ‘ecclesiastical prescription. The present paper attempts to establish from written sources the possible interconnection between the inlay work during Jahangir period and its development. It is situated in the Old Delhi which was called as Shahjahanabad during the … 1 Questions & Answers Place. [15] In 1981 the Shalimar Gardens were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site as they embody Mughal garden design at the apogee of its development. The monuments of India have become an inspiration for the future generations. Humayun's tomb is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India. Large bulbous onion domes, sometimes surrounded by four smaller domes. 1528 AD. Constructed between 1671 and 1673, it was the largest mosque in the world upon construction. The mosque has been under extensive restoration since 2009 under the direction of the Aga Khan Trust for Culture and the Government of Punjab. Additional monuments from this period are associated with women from Aurangzeb's imperial family. It also functions as an idgah. Humayun, his son, does not seem to have had much time for building—he was busy reclaiming and increasing the realm—but he is known to have spent a great deal of time at his father’s gardens. Look Up Any Name. Babur of India. The principal source of water to the Mughal gardens were: (i) lakes or tanks (ii) wells or step-wells (iii) canals, harnessed from the rivers, and (iv) natural springs. Sign Up. The gateway of the mosque is built of bricks with red sandstone and the spandrel are decorated with arched recesses encased in rectangular panels. Username or email * Password * … These monuments were built by Indian Kings as a symbol of their glory in wars or to represent the beautiful cultural heritage of India. Jahangir's grave at the Tomb of Jahangir, decorated with parchin kari work. construction of the larger Wazir Khan Mosque a few decades later.[9]. The Tomb of Safdar Jung completed in 1754 is one of the last examples of Mughal Architecture. p 12-26, Moynihan, Elizabeth B. Paradise as Garden in Persia and Mughal India, Scholar Press, London (1982). [3] Babur, the first Mughal conqueror-king, had gardens built in Lahore and Dholpur. Like Persian and Central Asian gardens, water became the central and connecting theme of the Mughal gardens. Monuments built by shah jahan 1.Taj mahal in Agra 2. 17, No. It was designed by Afghan architect Afzal Ali. A lot of his wealth came from the African slaves he had working on sugar plantations and farms. Large gateways leading up to the main building. Archaeologists estimate it was built anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC. The Mughal Garden: Interpretation, Conservation and Implications, Ferozsons Ltd., Lahore (1996). Dec 2, 2013 - Bagh-e Babur - The Gardens of Babur, locally called Bagh-e Babur, is a historic park in Kabul, Afghanistan, and also the last resting-place of the first Mughal emperor Babur. Later references are found from "the accounts of India" written by various European travellers (Bernier for example). Akbar period architecture, building style that developed in India under the patronage of the Mughal emperor Akbar (reigned 1556–1605). bio je prvi vladar i osnivač Mogulskog Carstva.Proglasio se mogulom 27. travnja 1526. kada je osvojio Delhi.. Babur je prvo vladao kraljevstvom Fergana, no od tamo su ga protjerali uzbekistanske vojskovođe. Jodha Bai's Palace is the largest palace in the Fatehpur Sikri seraglio, connected to the minor haramsara quarters. During his five-year reign, Babur took considerable interest in erecting buildings, though few have survived. Monuments are witnesses of India's past; the monuments of India are also the guardian pillars of India's cultural heritage. Most of these gardens were divided into four quadrants by two axis comprised with water channels and pathways to carry the water under gravitational pressure. Harvard Law School, built in 1817, was funded by Isaac Royall Jr., a slave owner. It enshrines the burial place of the Sufi saint, Salim Chisti (1478 – 1572), a descendant of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti of Ajmer, who lived in a cavern on the ridge at Sikri. Moynihan, Elizabeth B. Paradise as Garden in Persia and Mughal India, Scholar Press, London (1982), p. 1. Add links. This word developed a new meaning in South Asia, as the region lacked the fast-flowing streams required for the Central Asian charbagh. The splendid five-storey “Palace of the Winds” is a blend of beauty and splendor much close to Rajasthan’s culture. [3][4][5] The construction of the walled city was started in 1569 and completed in 1574. Continue with Google. Find answers now! Bibi Ka Maqbara was a mausoleum built by Prince Azam Shah, son of Emperor Aurangzeb, in the late 17th century as a loving tribute to his mother, Dilras Bano Begum in Aurangabad, Maharashtra. 131 Salih Kambuh , a native of Lahore, described very artistically the water system and its symbolic meaning in the garden of Shalamar at Lahore that ‘in the center of this earthly paradise a sacred stream flows with its full elegance and chanting, fascinating and exhilarating nature and passes through the gardens irrigating the flower beds. Babur of the Timurid dynasty founded the Mughal Empire (and Mughal dynasty) in 1526 and ruled until 1530. Probably built around 50 AD, the Aqueduct of Segovia is one of the best-preserved Roman monuments on the Iberian Peninsula. Babur, full name Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur (14 February 1483 – 26 December 1530) was founder of Mughal Empire in Indian subcontinent. The main entrance is double storied, projecting out of the facade to create a kind of porch leading into a recessed entrance with a balcony. Agra (Uttar Pradesh) Babur. He was eldest son of Umar Sheikh Mirza., governor of Farghana. Aurangzeb's mosque's architectural plan is similar to that of his father, Shah Jahan, the Jama Masjid in Delhi; though it is much larger. ABOUT THE CONTEST WIKI LOVES MONUMENTS. The construction of the elegant Zinat al-Masjid in Daryaganj was overseen by Aurangzeb's second daughter Zinat-al-Nissa. Kabuli Bagh Mosque, Panipat Mosque, Jama Masjid, Babri Masjid are a few monuments built by Babur. [6] These tended to be riverfront gardens rather than the fortress gardens that his predecessors built. He also built a mosque named after himself in Thatta called Shahjahan Mosque (not built in the Mughal architecture, but in Safavid and Timurid architecture that were influenced by the Persian architecture). Many of the buildings remain as monuments. This view finds archaeological support also. Lookup Any Name - Try Today! Experts do not know much about who built the statues or why, but they do know that the statues became a beacon to Buddhists and non-Buddhists alike. Gol Bagh was the largest recorded garden of Pakistan and India,[12] encompassing the town of Lahore with a five-mile belt of greenery;[13] it existed until as late as 1947. Intricately sculpted caves on the Elephanta Island. It is famous for its rich embellishment which covers almost every interior surface. Jan 21, 2015 - Bagh-e-Babur, Babur's Garden in Kabul; inspiaration for the garden in Amy Waldman's book "The Submission". After Babur, the tradition of building chaharbagh touched its zenith during the time of Shah Jahan. The founder of the Mughal empire, Babur, described his favourite type of garden as a charbagh. Fundamentally, the Mughal gardens have had edifices in a symmetrical arrangement within enclosed towns with provisions for water channels, cascades, water tanks and fountains etc.Thus, the Mughals maintained the tradition of building fourfold (chaharbagh)-symmetrical garden. This symmetry is extended to the building of an entire mirror mosque in red sandstone, to complement the Mecca-facing mosque placed to the west of the main structure. Zahir-ud-din Mohammad Babur (alternativ staving Zaheeruddin og Babar eller Baber (født 14. februar 1483 i Andijon i Ferganadalen i Sentral-Asia, død 26. desember 1530 i Agra) var en erobrer fra Sentral-Asia som la grunnlaget for mogulriket på Det indiske subkontinent, og ble den første mogulkeiseren i 1526.Han var etterkommer av Djengis Khan på morssiden. Inside there is a quadrangle surrounded by rooms. It was recorded that the Shalimar Bagh in Lahore had 450 fountains, and the pressure was so high that water could be thrown 12 feet into the air, falling back down to create a rippling floral effect on the surface of the water. Radiocarbon dating in 2008 suggested that the first stones were raised between 2400 and 2200 BC. Amazing Facts about Mughal Empire. 2 (May, 1985), p. 231; The Old Persian word pairideaza (transliterated to English as paradise) means "walled garden". [12], It is a Mughal garden complex located in Lahore, capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab. 26. Thus, the most important aspect of the waterworks of gardens was the permanent source of water supply. What are the monuments built by Akbar? The mosque commissioned by Shah Jahan, who bestowed it to the city as a token of gratitude. Often they selected mountain slopes with gushing water to layout gardens, the finest example being Bagh-i Shalamar and Bagh-i Nishat in Kashmir, Shalamar garden at Lahore and Mughal garden at Wah (Hasan Abdal) etc. Email & More. It was built by chief physician to the Mughal Court, Ilam-ud-din Ansari, who was widely known as Wazir Khan. [1] Its construction took 22 years and required 22,000 laborers and 1,000 elephants, at a cost of 32 million rupees. Shah Jahan also built the Red Fort in his new capital at Shah Jahanabad, now Old Delhi. The last of the great Mughal architects was Aurangzeb, who built the Badshahi Mosque. [16] Its style is heavily influenced by Central Asian Timurid architecture, which was introduced after Shah Jahan's campaigns near Balkh and Samarkand. This style was influenced by the Persian gardens particularly the Charbagh structure,[1] which is intended to create a representation of an earthly utopia in which humans co-exist in perfect harmony with all elements of nature.[2]. Sign In. Jinn Its essential features included running water (perhaps the most important element) and a pool to reflect the beauties of sky and garden; trees of various sorts, some to provide shade merely, and others to produce fruits; flowers, colorful and sweet-smelling; grass, usually growing wild under the trees; birds to fill the garden with song; the whole is cooled by a pleasant breezes. Continue with Facebook. Babur, (Andijan, danas Uzbekistan, 14. veljače 1483. Address 3. Discover (and save!) Baburs kleinzoon Akbar de Grote liet de Baburnama vanuit het Chagatai Turks vertalen naar het Perzisch, de hoftaal van de Mogols. Mughal gardens are a type of gardens built by the Mughals. Smith and Major Kole explore some elements of the origin and development of inlay work. Ask for details ; Follow Report by TbiaSamishta 26.08.2018 Log in to add a comment Jan 7, 2020 - This Pin was discovered by Notsodivya. The Wazir Khan Mosque was commissioned during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1634, and completed in 1642. Some of the important buildings in the fort are Jahangiri Mahal built for Jahangir and his family, the Moti Masjid, and Mena Bazaars. No. In 1993, the Government of Pakistan included the Badshahi Mosque in the tentative list for UNESCO World Heritage Site.[22]. Babur, the first Mughal conqueror-king, had gardens built in Lahore and Dholpur. PC: Unknown. The mosque is adjacent to the Lahore Fort and is the last in the series of congregational mosques in red sandstone. Mughal architecture reached its zenith during the reign of Shah Jahan, who constructed Taj Mahal, the Jama Masjid, the Shalimar Gardens of Lahore, the Wazir Khan Mosque, and who renovated the Lahore Fort. Username * E-Mail * Password * Confirm Password * Have an account? Babur (perz.بابر‎; 14. februar 1483 — 26. decembar 1530) je prvi car Mogulskog carstva u Indiji.Vladao je severnom Indijom od 1526. do 1530.Pripadao je naslednoj liniji Timura Lenka, a sam je verovao da je po majci naslednik DŽingis-kana.Postavio je osnove za Mogulsko carstvo Continue with Google. The columns of rooms are ornamented with a variety of Hindu sculptural motifs. Sikandra, Agra (Uttar Pradesh) Akbar and his son Jahangir. Continue with Facebook. The architecture of the Akbar period is characterized by a strength made elegant and graceful by its rich decorative work, which reflects many traditional Hindu made architects chosen by her. The gardens became an essential feature of almost each kind of Mughal monuments and were inter related to these monuments which can be categorized as: (i) Gardens attached with Imperial palaces, forts and gardens which beautified private residential buildings of the nobles (ii) Religious and sacred structures i.e., tombs and mosques erected in the gardens, and (iii) Resort and public building in the pleasure gardens. The glorious fort was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to … It was the tradition of Mughal princes to develop sites for recreation and pleasure … Agra Fort. 1. Nov 2, 2012 - This Pin was discovered by Go!Places. Built to mark the landing of King George V and Queen Mary in the 20th Century. Some of the typical features include pools, fountains and canals inside the gardens. Babur ko Bura yare ne dake da asali a Najeriya kuma mafiya yawan al'umman Babur suna zaune ne a jihar Borno da Adamawa da Yobe a kananan hukumomi kamar Biu, Kwaya kusar, Bayo, Garkida da sauransu. The building's longest plane of symmetry runs through the entire complex except for the sarcophagus of Shah Jahan, which is placed off centre in the crypt room below the main floor. Headquarters of the Indian Central Railways, built in 1887. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh… The Mughal Empire, based in the Indian Subcontinent came to power in the year 1526 after the first battle of Panipat was won by Babur. Babur (tiếng Ba Tư: بابر ‎, chuyển tự Bābur, nguyên văn 'Hổ'; 14 tháng 2 năm 1483 – 26 tháng 12 năm 1530), tên thật là Ẓahīr-ud-Dīn Muhammad (tiếng Ba Tư: ظهیرالدین محمد ‎, chuyển tự Zahīr ad-Dīn Muhammad), là một nhà chinh phạt từ Trung Á.Dù ban đầu ông đã … When Jahangir visited Mandu, the fascinated inlay work there impressed him and as the continuous refinement of inlay work can be seen in the Jahangir buildings i.e. The monuments are the standing examples of stretching the horizon of human imagination and thoughts. Built by. The minarets are 196 feet (60 m) tall. [13], The Shah Jahan Mosque is the central mosque for the city of Thatta, in the Pakistani province of Sindh. Bagh-e Babur is located on the slopes of Kuh-e Sher Darwaza, ... no matter how important they are as monuments. The mausoleum, constructed by Akbar as a mark of his respect for the Sufi saint, who foretold the birth of his son. Historical monuments 1. Februar 1483 in Andischon, Ferghanatal, heute Usbekistan; gest. Significant use of rectilinear layouts are made within the walled enclosures. This and the marble of the Taj Mahal are inlaid with semiprecious stone depicting scrolling naturalistic floral motifs, the most important being the tulip, which Shah Jahan adopted as a personal symbol.[11]. During his five-year reign, Babur took considerable interest in … Year of construction : 1653; Built by : Shah Jahan; Taj Mahal was built the famous Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan who is also called as Mughal Architect.He has built a number of other monuments also like : Red Fort of Delhi, Jama Masjid of Delhi, Moti Masjid of Lahore, Shalimar gardens of Kashmir etc. And 50 metres from ground level influence on Indian architecture the Fatehpur Sikri and... Like his predecessors built Angaben dschingisidischer und timuridischer Herkunft built one of the Winds ” is a blend of and! 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