"[22] European settlers introduced the carrot to colonial America in the 17th century. Flowers usually first open at the outer edge of the primary umbel, followed about a week later on the secondary umbels, and then in subsequent weeks in higher-order umbels. [24], Most of the taproot consists of a pulpy outer cortex (phloem) and an inner core (xylem). [69] α- and β-carotenes are partly metabolized into vitamin A,[70][71] providing more than 100% of the Daily Value (DV) per 100 g serving of carrots (right table). [24], The fruit that develops is a schizocarp consisting of two mericarps; each mericarp is a true seed. [7][8], When they were first cultivated, carrots were grown for their aromatic leaves and seeds rather than their roots. [2][3] One particular cultivar lacks the usual orange pigment due to carotene, owing its white colour to a recessive gene for tocopherol (vitamin E), but this cultivar and wild carrots do not provide nutritionally significant amounts of vitamin E.[47], In 2018, world production of carrots (combined with turnips) was 40 million tonnes, with China producing 45% of the world total (table). Pronunciation of Carrot: Carrot is pronounced care-et. Rich or rocky soils should be avoided, as these will cause the roots to become hairy and/or misshapen. [11], There are many claims that Dutch growers created orange carrots in the 17th century to honor the Dutch flag at the time and William of Orange. [67], Raw carrots are 88% water, 9% carbohydrates, 0.9% protein, 2.8% dietary fiber, 1% ash and 0.2% fat. Carrot seeds have been found in Switzerland and Southern Germany dating back to 2000–3000 BC. [2][3] The genome size is estimated to be 473 mega base pairs, which is four times larger than Arabidopsis thaliana, one-fifth the size of the maize genome, and about the same size as the rice genome. Taproots are typically long and conical, although cylindrical and nearly-spherical cultivars are available. [56] Some people are allergic to carrots. Soon after germination, carrot seedlings show a distinct demarcation between taproot and stem: the stem is thicker and lacks lateral roots. The stamens usually split and fall off before the stigma becomes receptive to receive pollen. [11] The 11th-century Jewish scholar Simeon Seth describes both red and yellow carrots,[18] as does the 12th-century Arab-Andalusian agriculturist, Ibn al-'Awwam. n. 1. Various languages still use the same word for "carrot" as they do for "root"; e.g. Carrots can be planted as tiny seeds and grown in a backyard garden. The usually tapering, elongate, fleshy orange root of this plant, eaten as a vegetable. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) reports that world production of carrots and turnips (these plants are combined by the FAO) for 2018 was 40 million tonnes, with 45% of the world total grown in China. carrot. [17][20] Other authorities argue these claims lack convincing evidence. The root of a plant used as an edible vegetable, such as the carrot, potato, or onion. Definition of carrots in the Definitions.net dictionary. (ˈkærət, ˈkɛrət) Perennial plant widely cultivated as an annual in many varieties for its long conical orange edible roots; temperate and tropical regions. A well-known dish is carrots julienne. vegetable: edible seeds or roots or stems or leaves or bulbs or tubers or nonsweet fruits of any of numerous herbaceous plant any of various herbaceous plants cultivated for an edible part such as the fruit or the root of the beet or the leaf of spinach or the seeds of bean plants or the flower buds of broccoli or cauliflower Information and translations of carrots in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The paired mericarps are easily separated when they are dry. [24], Flowers change sex in their development, so the stamens release their pollen before the stigma of the same flower is receptive. Carroll, Lewis, Carrollton, carromata, carronade, carron oil, carrot, carrot and stick, carrot fly, carrot-top, carroty, carrousel. Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020. At the upper end of the stem is the seed leaf. Carrots are widely used in many cuisines, especially in the preparation of salads, and carrot salads are a tradition in many regional cuisines. [75], This article is about the cultivated vegetable. In the story, Dr. Mirepoix's neighbor invited him over three times: to flavor a bone stock, to accompany potatoes and a roast chicken, and to make a vegetable stock. Although the roots are shorter than other cultivars, they have vigorous foliage and greater girth, being broad in the shoulders and tapering towards a blunt, rounded tip. noun. Chantenay carrots. [10] Some close relatives of the carrot are still grown for their leaves and seeds, such as parsley, cilantro, coriander, fennel, anise, dill and cumin. [24], A large, primary umbel can contain up to 50 umbellets, each of which may have as many as 50 flowers; subsequent umbels have fewer flowers. Specimens of the "eastern" carrot that survive to the present day are commonly purple or yellow, and often have branched roots. [36] Irrigation is applied when needed to keep the soil moist. For other uses, see, "Carrot Anthocyanins Genetics and Genomics: Status and Perspectives to Improve Its Application for the Food Colorant Industry", "Genetic and phenological variation of tocochromanol (vitamin E) content in wild (Daucus carota L. Var. noun. [72] This myth was propaganda used by the Royal Air Force during the Second World War to explain why their pilots had improved success during night air battles, but was actually used to disguise advances in radar technology and the use of red lights on instrument panels. Finely chop all these ingredients ( similar to potato salad ), then add tuna and dress the dish with mayonnaise and a little vinegar . A nectar-containing disc is present on the upper surface of the carpels. Dutch wortel. [15], The plant was introduced into Spain by the Moors in the 8th century. Boil a carrot, cut in the form of matches, in salt water until soft. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! Herb. [2][3] Its wild ancestors probably originated in Persia (regions of which are now Iran and Afghanistan), which remains the centre of diversity for the wild carrot Daucus carota. ); The carrot (Daucus carota subsp. 3. [49][50], Carrots can be eaten in a variety of ways. [68], The provitamin A beta-carotene from carrots does not actually help people to see in the dark unless they suffer from vitamin A deficiency. [68], The carrot gets its characteristic, bright orange colour from β-carotene, and lesser amounts of α-carotene, γ-carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin. Pronunciation of carrot with 3 audio pronunciations, 9 synonyms, 4 meanings, 15 translations, 6 sentences and more for carrot. Carrots are grown from seed and can take up to four months (120 days) to mature, but most cultivars mature within 70 to 80 days under the right conditions. The roots contain high quantities of alpha- and beta-carotene, and are a good source of vitamin K and vitamin B6. Individual flowers are small and white, sometimes with a light green or yellow tint. [35], Fertilizer should be applied according to soil type because the crop requires low levels of nitrogen, moderate phosphate and high potash. Synonyms; Carota sativa (Hoffm.) Daucus carota is a biennial plant. 4, September 1893. Crudités (/ ˈ k r uː d ɪ t eɪ (z)/, French: ; plural only) are traditional French appetizers consisting of sliced or whole raw (ˈkærət, ˈkɛrət) Orange root; important source of carotene. The natural pigment of carrots are red, black, purple, white, and yellow. High-quality carrots have a large proportion of cortex compared to core. What Is An Em Dash And How Do You Use It? 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