From its first appearance in the skies over the battlefields in 1944, the Yak-3 became a true headache for German pilots. It cast steel and armor; produced the engine, transmission, and other components; and assembled the vehicle. And as workers learned the intricacies of assembling the same vehicle over and over, assembly time went down, too. Soviet high command h… Солянкин А.Г., Павлов М.В., Павлов И.В., Желтов И.Г. They were they key to Hitler’s devastating 5 week sweep through Poland. Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. THE WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION – FRANCE. And the Soviets weren’t just hiring American architects, but also American production engineers and tool manufacturers. Soviet and German production and losses of tanks on the Russian Front from 1941 to 1945 and could the Red Army have won the war alone ? The 122s D25 Gun could penetrate almost any German tank, and the 152s ML20 had long been used against enemy armour; although it had a low velocity, the massive shell could inflict considerable damage through concussive effects. 3. Overtaxed track had gone without proper maintenance; rolling stock and engines needed repair or replacement. In Russian tanks, the things that mattered worked well enough; the things that didn’t were afterthoughts. The most successful were the later IS-2 tank and heavy self-propelled guns, whose large-calibre firepower was generally useful against both soft and hard targets. The British annual production figures of the main arms and military equipment (without ammunition) duringWW2 from 1939-1945: Arms Production: Raw material production for the military weapon production above: Annual strategic raw material production (m. metric tons): Although the Soviet Union had a large force of combat vehicles before the German invasion, heavy losses led to a high demand for new vehicles. When it first ap. Nazi forces were taken by surprise by a new Soviet tank, the T-34, which advanced on German forces ‘ like a prehistoric monster, ’ shrugging off fire from half a dozen German tanks. T-28 Medium Tank Medium tank (1932-41) Soviet Union -503 built One of the first medium tanks The T-28 is almost a footnote in Soviet tank production compared to its little brother, the T-26. Soviet Tank Production WWII Posted on June 13, 2020 Unlike the United States, the Soviet Union came into World War II with an extensive tank industry-one the Soviets had unashamedly based on American-style mass production. WW2 in the East - The Battle Of Kursk. Michael Nicholson In May 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt called for the production of 185,000 aeroplanes,120,000 tanks, 55,000 anti-aircraft guns and 18 million tons of merchant shipping in two years. They computed the average battlefield lifespan of the tank, and reduced costs by not really engineering it where it would last much longer. Visit The War Years at Zazzle The Soviet T-34 medium tank was produced in vast numbers between 1940 and 1958. StarMedia. Knocked-out Russian T-34 tank on the Eastern Front . Soviet high command had examined and rejected the 100mm D-10s Gun for the IS2, despite its very high penetration, as it was not able to provide the high explosive support needed against soft targets.[32]. Combat experience in the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939), the Battles of Khalkhin Gol (1939) and the Winter War (1939–1940) showed the Soviet military that light tanks (such as the T-26) were too lightly armored and that multi-turreted tanks (such as the T-35) were inferior to single turret tanks which guided the switch to the later vital T-34 medium and KV-1 heavy tanks. Knocked-out Russian T-34 tank on the Eastern Front . In general, Soviet tanks had less interior space than the tanks of other nations (which made them smaller targets) - this was possible because the Red Army only employed soldiers of small stature in their tank forces. Soviet Union (1943) Heavy tank – 3,854 built A new standard in hell: The IS-2. Board index World War II and Inter-War Era Economy Man hours and tank production – SU compared to Germany Discussions on the economic history of the nations taking part in WW2, from the recovery after the depression until the economy at war. That component of the vehicle worked very much as advertised. The BT-2 on trials. 3. The Corps was an organization to assign divisions to for command and control purposes. At the same time, the Soviets did everything possible to reduce cost. Top. Topic: Soviet Tank/Mech Corps In WWII (Read 54642 times) Mad_Russian. There were also delivered 11,900 tanks and self-propelled guns, which … 12th Guards Heavy Tank Brigade, Dukla pass, Slovakia, September 1944. Russian arms production during WW2 amounted to 99,150 armored vehicles (including all kinds of assault guns, tank destroyers and self-propelled guns) from June 1941 to May 1945. Soviet Tank/Mech Corps In WWII « on: 6 November 2008, 03:35:20 » Reply: The Soviet Army started the war with the same system as the rest of the European military organizations. At Nizhny Tagil, welding tank hulls underwater hastened cooling and sped up the manufacturing process. The most successful were the later IS-2 tank and heavy self-propelled guns, whose large-calibre firepower was generally useful against both soft and hard targets. ( Log Out /  For these reasons light tank production continued well into the war, even though the medium T-34 was much more cost-effective. Most were driven by standard automotive engines. The Ural facilities were huge: the largest in the world, in terms of manpower committed. Manufacturing process for heavy equipment on production assembly lines during the 1940s. Their main components were produced and assembled in facilities which also built heavy tractors, artillery, locomotives, and ship components. However, it was the first truly indigenous Russian design and one of the first medium tanks ever built in the world, at least in a large-scale series. The KV-1 (after Kliment Voroshilov) was armed with a 76 mm gun; as with the T-34, the length of the gun was increased during production. I occasionally watch WW2 documentaries on television, and one of these programs provided a bit of history on the Battle of Kursk. “The finest tank in the world,” is how he described the T-34. Like the KV-2 it was intended for use as an assault weapon against infantry, but used the cheaper and less exposed Samokhodnaya Ustanovka-designated style of casemate mount. The T-70 was a light tank used by the Red Army during World War II, replacing both the T-60 scout tank for reconnaissance and the T-50 light infantry tank for infantry support. By the time the Stalingrad factory finally fell to the Nazis in October 1942, the new Ural plants were going full tilt. But it helped keep the Soviet Union’s transportation network functioning. back to Part I: Russian vs German AFVs in WW II Stalin signed the order to begin production in April 1940, and by June the first T-34s were rolling off the production line. The ISU-122 and ISU-152 were self-propelled guns on casemate-fitted IS hulls. The most successful were the later IS-2 tank and heavy self-propelled guns, whose large-calibre firepower was generally useful against both soft and hard targets. Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. What official Soviet history is not eager to talk about is problems of Soviet to increase fast their own oil production from late 1942. They computed the average battlefield lifespan of the tank, and reduced costs by not really engineering it where it would last much longer. Taken together, the overall labor cost of the vehicle plummeted. At the start of the war, the Soviet Union suffered loss of valuable lands with economic and agricultural potential, great industrial losses and human casualties. Unknown unit. The SU-76 was a 76 mm gun mounted on a lengthened version of the T-70 chassis. The increase was just 2% in 1½ years. masqqqq Member Posts: 52 Joined: 26 Mar 2007, 20:15 Location: Poland. Around 84,000 were built by Soviet Union and one of the longest existing tanks ever manufactured. The IS-3 was an IS-2 with new, advanced hull and turret armour. ww2 Soviet Tanks Poster. A Russian imitation of a British Vickers tank, the T-26 light tank entered mass production in 1932. One principle the Russians adopted with a vengeance from the Americans was planned obsolescence. While everyone knows that time is money, the inverse is also true: less money meant less time on the line. The IS-3 saw minimal combat service. The T-34 tank's basic design was optimal, and continual development of industrial processes allowed it to be produced in greater numbers than any other armoured vehicle during the war. 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